Friday, May 31, 2019
The Effectiveness of Terrorism The dictionary defines terrorism as The felonious use or threatened use of force or violence by a person or an organized group against people or property with the intention of intimidating or coercing societies or governments, often for ideological or political reasons. Is terrorism an effective political medium for the advancement of a political minority or rather an act of defiance rendering a society into a state of ephemeral hysteria? It remains to be seen how this latest act of terrorism will unfold and what political awareness it may generate. Unfortunately, historically acts of violence have often proven themselves effective tactic in promoting significant political attention. In the next few paragraphs I will examine some examples of terrorism and make note of their political impacts nonpareil of the nations first and most iniquitous terrorist groups is the Ku Klux Klan. What significance has their use of terrorist tactics had on our cu lture overall? While some would argue that the Klans tactics have been proven ineffective in that...
Thursday, May 30, 2019
Energy is what makes the world go around. All of our technologies ar designed and developed base on readily available resources, most common of which are fossil fuels. What happens when we run out? The technologies we so heavily rely on for generating food, shelter, and transportation allow cease to function. Throughout this article, I will elucidate the importance of developing and implementing alternative force sources, specifically those that are renewable, into everyday technologies, and the resulting positive and negative consequences that could stick with .According to Professor Chris Rhodes and the latest B.P (British Petroleum) statistical review, the majority of competency used by humans on Earth is crude oil, accounting for 33% of our total, close followed by coal at 30%. Natural gas follows at a close third place at 24% nuclear and hydroelectric at 5-6% each and the tiny fraction of our overall energy that comes from renewables, is just 1.6%. Based on his research, it can be concluded that we are reliant on fossil fuels for 87% of our total energy. A frightening percentage Since we are currently reliant on fossil fuels for 87% of our energy supply, it is outstanding that more(prenominal) money is invested into research and development of new renewable resources. Fossil fuels are nonrenewable. They WILL run out Failure to implement renewable and sustainable sources of energy could lead to a national crisis.To give an idea of how fast we are using our oil, we have already passed peak oil production. A detailed judicial decision of more than 800 oil fields in the world, covering three-quarters of global reserves, has found that most of the biggest fields have already peaked and that the rate of decline in oil pro... ...ources is that they are too expensive. Their EROEI (energy returned on energy invested) is poor, resulting in loss of profits. Wind turbines, solar panels, and most other forms of alternate energy are very exp ensive and inefficient. Although this is true in some cases, there is a reason and solution for the problem. More funds must be dedicated to researching and alter these technologies. Nothing happens for free, and research is no exception. Without sufficient funds, these sources of clean energy will neither become more efficient or cost effective.Since every important aspect of society runs on fossil fuels, and fossil fuels will eventually run out, it is extremely important that we further develop and implement renewable energy into everyday processes. As our population increases, so will our energy demands. We must make changes before it is too late.
A Common ThreadWe as a society atomic number 18 surrounded by life, as we know it each day. Never tenia to look around and absorb what is going on around us. Our surroundings pass us by and we never take a glimpse at what those surroundings may hold. Our society presses forward without looking over their shoulder to see where we deplete been. Without acknowledging our present culture and studying our culture in the past, where are we going? Studying Clifford Geertz, Patricia Limerick, John Wideman, and Ralph Waldo Emerson has made it easier for me to answer my own question. These four authors of varying expertise tied together a common thread called culture.Clifford Geertz in his essay Deep Play brought us the world of cockfighting in Bali. In this essay he portrays the culture of our present American society through the enjoyment of the Balinese cockfight. Amazingly enough Geertz engaged what some would call a primitive culture to show us the aspects of our culture and the rol e these aspects play in our culture. accessible structure, family, tradition, and money are just a few of the aspects brought out by Geertz that govern our present society. Geertz sums up our culture when he states, Their life, as they arrange it and encompass it, is less aflow, a directional movement out of the past, throughthe present, toward the future than an on-off pulsationof meaning and vacuity, an arrhythmic alternation of improvident periods when something (that is, something significant) is happening and equally short ones wherenothing (that is, nothing much) is- between what theythemselves call full and empty times, or, in anotheridiom, junctures and holes (387).Patricia Limerick in her essay Empire of Innocence exposed many ot... ... the metier list would be John Widemans Our Time. Wideman continues building on all the other authors information by showing us how the rules that have been established for culture apply to family, race, and the pursuit of happiness.Cons idering the facts that the essays discussed here were written at different times and encompass various subjects, we have torn them into pieces and used the pieces to double-dyed(a) one puzzle. Upon completion of the puzzle, we now have a picture of culture. Furthermore, the essays have given us a common thread that we can now use to tie our puzzle pieces together. This common thread is our culture.Works CitedEmerson, Ralph Waldo. The American Scholar. Rpt. in Ways of Reading.5th Ed. David Bartholomae and Anthony Petrosky. capital of Massachusetts Bedford/St. Martins, 1999. 304.Geertz, Clifford. Deep Play. Rpt. in Ways of Reading. 5th Ed. David Bartholomae and Anthony Petrosky. Boston Bedford/St. Martins,1999. 387.
Wednesday, May 29, 2019
The Relation mingled with land and Society According to Karl Marx The executive of the modern order is but a committee for managing the earthy affairs of the whole bourgeoisie. (1)This is the clearest program line of the basic tenet of redness theory of the state. The state acts in the interests of the ascendent class. Marx never elaborates on the topic of the state - the assess of set forward a full theory of the state was one the aims of the incomplete Das Kapital. In order then to find a loss theory of the state, modern scholars moldiness piece one together from the references scattered throughout Marxs work. The above quote, however, is by far the most succinct way of putting forward the basic heart of a Marxist theory of the state. The interrogative is in two parts. In answer to the first, the roots of Marxist theory of the state shall be found in Hegels political philosophy. It shall be shown that although Marxs conception of the state is just an adaptation of H egels, the application of that conception in relation to society is more than original. The second part of the question demands an examination into the defensibility of Marxs state theory. The fact that Marx never clarifies his theory gives modern Marxists a great deal of leeway in adapting Marxist theory to counter its critics. several(prenominal) different ways of defending Marxist theory will be set out below. In his Philosophy of Right, Hegel makes the alpha and influential distinction between Civil Society and the Political State. Briefly, the Political state is the total of the objective institutions of public authority, involving legislative, fiscal and supervisory powers, etc. in that location is also a floor of subjectivity, in the form of public opinion expressed t... ... the causal relation between state and society is reversed. For Marx, the economic social structure of society produces a dominant class, and the state reflects that dominance, and helps to reproduce it. In the final analysis, neo-Marxist scholars are able to form coherent and defensible positions on the state, while non betraying the essential Marxist nature of their theories. Karl Marx, Manifesto of the Communist Party. Z. A. Pelcynski, The Hegelian Conception of the State. Karl Marx, review of Girardins Le sociableisme et Impt. J. Schumpeter, Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy. Karl Marx, A German Ideology. R. Miliband, Marx and the State. N. Poulantzas, The Problem of the Capitalist State. R. Miliband, The State in Capitalist Society. C. Offe, Social Policy and the Theory of the State. F. Parkin, Marxism and Class Theory A Bourgeois Critique. The Relation between State and Society According to Karl Marx establishThe Relation between State and Society According to Karl Marx The executive of the modern state is but a committee for managing the common affairs of the whole bourgeoisie. (1)This is the clearest assertion of the basic tenet of Marxist theory of the state. The state acts in the interests of the dominant class. Marx never elaborates on the topic of the state - the task of putting forward a full theory of the state was one the aims of the incomplete Das Kapital. In order then to find a Marxist theory of the state, modern scholars must piece one together from the references scattered throughout Marxs work. The above quote, however, is by far the most succinct way of putting forward the basic message of a Marxist theory of the state. The question is in two parts. In answer to the first, the roots of Marxist theory of the state shall be found in Hegels political philosophy. It shall be shown that although Marxs conception of the state is just an adaptation of Hegels, the application of that conception in relation to society is more original. The second part of the question demands an examination into the defensibility of Marxs state theory. The fact that Marx never clarifies his theory gives modern Marxists a great deal of l eeway in adapting Marxist theory to counter its critics. Several different ways of defending Marxist theory will be set out below. In his Philosophy of Right, Hegel makes the important and influential distinction between Civil Society and the Political State. Briefly, the Political state is the total of the objective institutions of public authority, involving legislative, fiscal and supervisory powers, etc. There is also a degree of subjectivity, in the form of public opinion expressed t... ... the causal relation between state and society is reversed. For Marx, the economic structure of society produces a dominant class, and the state reflects that dominance, and helps to reproduce it. In the final analysis, neo-Marxist scholars are able to form coherent and defensible positions on the state, while not betraying the essential Marxist nature of their theories. Karl Marx, Manifesto of the Communist Party. Z. A. Pelcynski, The Hegelian Conception of the State. Karl Marx, review of G irardins Le Socialisme et Impt. J. Schumpeter, Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy. Karl Marx, A German Ideology. R. Miliband, Marx and the State. N. Poulantzas, The Problem of the Capitalist State. R. Miliband, The State in Capitalist Society. C. Offe, Social Policy and the Theory of the State. F. Parkin, Marxism and Class Theory A Bourgeois Critique.
Themes in Sonnys Blues by James BaldwinAfter reading the short story Sonnys Blues by James Baldwin, I find there are two major themes that Baldwin is trying to convey, suffering and irony. The first theme that he brings out and tries to fuss the ratifier to understand is the theme of suffering. The second theme that the author illustrates is the theme of irony. James Baldwin writes about two African-American brothers growing up in Harlem, a contraband ghetto in New York, during the 1950s. During this time black people were forced to live in a world of prejudice, discrimination, poverty and suppression. The life of a black psyche was very difficult many opportunities afforded to whites were not afforded to blacks. Sonny and his brother lived in the projects and had many obstacles to overcome that white people didnt have to. Sonny chose music to outwardly express his suffering, his brother chose to bottle it up and keep it inside, but this is the common thread they both sha red. Suffering is also shown in the story when Baldwin says it came to me that what we both were seeking through our separate cab windows was that part of ourselves which had been left behind (P 47). I think this quote means that both Sonny and his older brother deficiency to retrieve some of their past so that it can help them cope with what has happened in their lives. If Sonny and his brother can both cope with what has happened in their lives and get over it, I think t they both can start moving forward and putting this behind them.I feel having Sonnys brother itemize the story in the first person is Baldwins way of telling us that Sonnys brother is also suffering but inside, unlike Sonny who takes drugs and sings the blues. Sonnys ... ...s and work unneurotic to form a loving relationship.In conclusion, the short story Sonnys Blues by James Baldwin brings out two main themes irony and suffering. You can truly feel the pain that Baldwins characters experience and di stinguish the two different lifestyles of siblings brought up in the same environment. The older brother remaining nameless is a mythologic touch that really made me want to read on. This really piqued my interest and I feel it can lead to many discussions on why this proficiency was used. I really enjoyed this story it was a fast and enjoyable reading. Baldwin keeps his readers thinking and talking long after they have finished reading his stories. His writing technique is an art, which very few, if any, can duplicate. Works CitedBaldwin, James. Sonnys Blues in Vintage Baldwin. New York Vintage, 2004.
Tuesday, May 28, 2019
Iraqi Head Seeks Arms. (Pinker, p. 69) Quiproquo, double entendre, pun. These are instances of finding more than than one possible meaning to an event, roughly often a phrase. We cant read Shakespeare, or Molire, or the works of legion(predicate) other authors if we dont believe that some affaire can grow more than one meaning. There is no topic in philosophy that has received more attention than meaning, in its multifarious manifestations. (Dennett, p. 401) Meaning is one of our most intimate bedfellows it is always in our minds. In Websters Third unused International Dictionary, meaning is defined as follows 1meaning 1a The thing one intends to convey by an flake or esp. by language b the thing that is conveyed or signified esp. by language the sense in which something (as a statement) is understood 2 The thing that is meant or intended INTENT, PURPOSE, AIM, OBJECT It is especially interesting that there is a difference between 1a and 1b in this definition, because this impl ies that there can be at least two meanings for a given event or utterance what the meaner intends, and what the witness understands the meaning to be. The number of possible meanings grows when we consider that there may be many different meanings, or levels of meanings of the meaner. There could also be many witnesses to the event, each with her own interpretation. Each of these situations is like a different context, which could reveal a new(a) sense.One area in which the possibility of the existence of more than one meaning or interpretation creates tension is literature. Intention, text, context, reader what determines meaning? Now the truly fact that arguments are made for all four factors shows that meaning is complex and elusive, not something once and f... ...case, especially if we concede that certain things from which we derive meaning were created without determination or purpose. Perhaps our concept of meaning is a manifestation of our tendency to make up stories t o explain things, or desire as humans to hire emptiness and to expand. We certainly dont have all the puzzle pieces yet hopefully our understanding will evolve and expand as more information becomes available. full treatment CitedCarle, Eric. The Very Hungry Caterpillar. New York Philomel. 1969.Culler, Jonathon. Literary Theory. New York Oxford. 1997.Dennett, Daniel. Darwins Dangerous Idea. New York Touchstone, 1995.Hofstadter, Douglas R. Gdel, Escher, Bach an Eternal Golden Braid. New York Basic Books. 1979Mayr, Ernst. What Evolution Is. New York Basic Books, 2001.Pinker, Steven. The Language Instinct. New York HarperCollins, 1994.
Iraqi Head Seeks Arms. (Pinker, p. 69) Quiproquo, double entendre, pun. These are instances of finding more than one possible meaning to an event, most frequently a phrase. We cant read Shakespeare, or Molire, or the works of many other authors if we dont believe that some social function can have more than one meaning. There is no theme in philosophy that has received more attention than meaning, in its multifarious manifestations. (Dennett, p. 401) Meaning is one of our most intimate bedfellows it is always in our minds. In Websters tertiary newly International Dictionary, meaning is defined as follows 1meaning 1a The thing one intends to convey by an act or esp. by language b the thing that is conveyed or signified esp. by language the sense in which something (as a statement) is understood 2 The thing that is meant or intended INTENT, PURPOSE, AIM, OBJECT It is especially arouse that there is a difference between 1a and 1b in this definition, because this implies that there can be at least two meanings for a given event or utterance what the meaner intends, and what the witness understands the meaning to be. The number of possible meanings grows when we consider that there may be many different meanings, or levels of meanings of the meaner. There could also be many witnesses to the event, each with her own interpretation. Each of these situations is like a different context, which could reveal a new sense.One area in which the possibility of the cosmea of more than one meaning or interpretation creates tension is literature. Intention, text, context, reader what determines meaning? Now the very fact that arguments are made for all tetrad factors shows that meaning is complex and elusive, not something once and f... ...case, especially if we concede that certain things from which we derive meaning were created without intent or purpose. Perhaps our concept of meaning is a manifestation of our tendency to make up stories to explain things, or desire as humans to fill emptiness and to expand. We certainly dont have all the tease pieces yet hopefully our understanding will evolve and expand as more information becomes available. Works CitedCarle, Eric. The Very Hungry Caterpillar. New York Philomel. 1969.Culler, Jonathon. Literary Theory. New York Oxford. 1997.Dennett, Daniel. Darwins Dangerous Idea. New York Touchstone, 1995.Hofstadter, Douglas R. Gdel, Escher, Bach an Eternal Golden Braid. New York Basic Books. 1979Mayr, Ernst. What Evolution Is. New York Basic Books, 2001.Pinker, Steven. The Language Instinct. New York HarperCollins, 1994.
Monday, May 27, 2019
For a union, organizational market-gardening is very most-valu able because the culture is corresponding something that the employee rump be based for. In addition, the organizational culture is delimit as a system of shargond meaning and beliefs within an organization that determines, in a large degree, how employees act (Robbins, et al., 2003, p. 70). Founders of new organizations and managers play an important role in creating and maintaining organizational cultures. However, honorable organizational cultures atomic number 18 those in which ethical values and norms are emphasized. As Jones and George (2003, p. 350) argue that ethical organizational cultures corporation help organizations and their members behave in a soci every(prenominal)y responsible manner. Some might believe that if they do the ethical corporate culture, they testament be able to get much profit.Meanwhile, Arnold and Lampe (1999, pp. 1-19, cited in Robbins, et al., p. 154) claim that the content and strength of an organizations culture also influences ethical behavior. Nevertheless, a strong culture will have a very powerful and positive influence on managers closings to act ethically and unethically. whereas, in a weak organizational culture, managers are to a greater extent likely to rely on subculture norms as a behavioral guide. Work groups and departmental standards will strongly influence ethical behaviour in organizations with weak overall cultures.Alongside with organizational culture, there are two more things that have strong correlational statistics with it. The first one is ethics. Ethics is the code of moral principles and values that govern that behavior of a person or group with respect to what is right or wrong (Robbins, et al., 2003, p. 150). The second thing that has strong correlation with culture is social responsibility. It is a managements obligation to make choices and take action that will contrisolelye to the welfare and interest of society as well a s to the interest of the organization (Robbins, et al., 2003, p. 138).Nevertheless, managers who have ethical behavior and social responsibility nates build a good reputation for their company. As Donaldson and Werhane (1993, pp.249-254) argue that having a good reputation of a company can increase profit. In addition, Robbins (et al., 2003, pp. 161-165) defines social responsibility is an obligation, beyond that required by the jurisprudence andeconomics, for a firm to pursue long-term goals that are good for society. However, social responsibility is the duty of manager to make decision consider with public assistance of stakeholders and society. In fact, there are two main popular opinions of managements social responsibility, which are classical view and socioeconomic view (Robbins, 2003, p. 407). Additionally, classical view aims to maximize profits, whereas socioeconomic view is that social responsibility goes beyond the increasing profit to improve the welfare of society. It is very important that managers support and develop an ethical culture because employees more likely to act ethically if their leader work having an ethical role model (Jones, & George, 2003, pp.101-103). Working ethically is a responsibility to the society. Nevertheless, this is very important as it can avoid harming stakeholders and also conjure up the well- worldness of society as a whole. Stakeholders including employees, customers, suppliers, competitors, governments, media, union, communities, social and political action groups, etc (Robbins, et al., 2003, pp. 92-93).There are still some examples for the reference of socially responsible behavior such as providing training for workers, eliminating discrimination and reducing pollution (Robbins, et al., 2003, p. 407). Providing training for workers can enhance their skills and techniques for work and it can improve the productivity and efficiency. Workers will not be obsolete by the changes of technology so it benefits emp loyees as well as the company (Tsang, 2003, p. 25). Social responsibility and economic growth is related sometimes. At first, the profit may be reduced by the costs of training workers, however, when the trained employees can work efficiently, the productivity will be increased followed by increasing profit at last.Eliminating discrimination is a social responsibility of managers. Some companies would like to employ a specific kind of person but not the another(prenominal)s and cause inequality is known as discrimination. For instance, some companies would prefer employ a local student to an international student or they prefer employ man to woman (Pagan, 2000, p. 619). It is harm to firm if they refuse to employ some other races people since they can take into account somenew ideas to the company for reference.These new ideas may not be gained from local employers as foreigners have different culture from the local and they can offer some useful information from the other view fo r the decision making. This is why an organizational culture which has formally adopted a specific position, philosophy, or set of beliefs regarding the fundamental values or principles, is an important thing to be used as the basis for business decision making. Moreover, if managers exert labor Market discrimination, it would lead to society chaotic and harm the society. Therefore, managers should bear the social responsibility to reduce discrimination.Another point that supports an organization to become socially responsible is that when a company being socially responsible, which means that the company has long-term goals. Company should higher the quality of a product to benefit customers to provide a better quality of life (Samli, 1992, p.12). The real example more or less this is The Body Shop. Although The Body Shop is looking for the profit, they still very concern about the environment. They use goods that not decease bad impact on the environment.The product that the bo dy shop sells is more expensive than others because they use the materials that do not give bad impact to the environment. As a result, people still buy their product because people know that they choose the right product. More expensive but in their product, it cant be found anything that can damage their self and more important damage the environment. As we have seen, by being socially responsible, the firm can gain long-run profit and improve the companys public image (Davis, et al., 1988, p. 37).In short, it can be seen that being socially responsible and following ethical corporate culture is much more profitable. But, since not all the companies have ethical corporate culture, there are some policies or practices that can be worked to encourage it. Firstly, the company should provide some training for the new and current employee because with the training activities it will make all the employee know about the culture and can adapt with the organizations culture. Secondly, the company should punish the person who do not obey or finish appropriate with the culture and give respect to the person who perform and do the culture. With thatpunishment and respect the employee will think that obey the culture is important. Third, the leaders in the company have to do the culture, so the employee can follow the leader to do the culture. Senior management needs to zealous avoid any decision or action that could reasonably be expected to communicate selfish motive for imposing an ethics philosophy, system, or measurement on employees (www.centeronline.org/knowledge/article.cfm?ID=2431).In conclusion, social responsibility is an important element for a company to success. Social responsibility brings company reputation followed by higher profit. Those firms having social responsibility can improve peoples quality of life and their health. It can also stable the society from chaotic. Therefore, managers should follow regulations and work ethically with the considera tion of societys well-being. Briefly, if one company is concerned about the ethical corporate culture which means that the company and the employee know what is right and wrong and know how to behave in the company. Thus, in one company it is very important to have ethical corporate culture.
Sunday, May 26, 2019
there are both advantages and outrages to providing an overly secure purlieu for e-commerce. The biggest advantage is consumer and business privacy. grannies Treats inevitably to provide a secure environment so that unauthorized users are unable to see details of the consumers transactions, and purchases in particular. In this way consumers using Grandmas Treats website will know they can make multiple purchases using their stored information and retain a sense of tribute regarding their transactions.To ensure this privacy for the consumer, encryption software program installed on the server is necessary. A further advantage to a secure environment is consumer trust. When customers decide to make a purchase using their account with a password, they can trust that the security standards of the company are up to par with other, larger organizations. This type of secure environment would work best at serving the needs of wholesale and corporate accounts.A disadvantage of providing an overly secure e-commerce environment is if the company decides to use everyday key infrastructure, or PKI (Brayton, Finneman, Turajski, Wiltsey, 2006). In this instance, Grandmas Treats would only be able to transmit a small amount of information. A second disadvantage to this overly secure environment is if Grandmas Treats requires a user to log in to view its offerings, it may be considered an annoyance and a incumbrance to purchasing. A final disadvantage is that this technology tends to slow down customer service. The time required to check out the online shopping cart will inquire verification, which will make the purchasing process longer. Should this take too long, a customer may decide to log off and leave the website without finalizing a purchase.There are also advantages and disadvantages to providing an open, insecure e-commerce environment. Some advantages of setting up an open, insecure environment are quick browsing of products, easy navigation of the website, a nd the inexpensive equal of implementing it. To browse through the website of Grandmas Treats, a customer wouldnt first have to login and use a password. Consumers will also have the alternative of browsing through the offered products with ease. Providing an open, insecure environment is also an inexpensive option. The company will not need any specialized hardware or software to ensure security in its e-commerce environment.There are several disadvantages of setting up an open, insecure environment as well. The threat of hackers breaking into the server, and malware infecting the site, are both disadvantages of not providing proper security (CNET News.com Staff, 2008). An experienced hacker could easily gain access to customer information, financial transactions, and any other important information stored on the server. A variety of malware could cause a major problem for Grandmas Treats and its website with the likely outcome of a system crash or manageable infection of custo mers computers. While the damage could most likely be reversed, it would take time to repair and create distrust with the companys customers.In get off of these advantages and disadvantages as discussed, it is recommended that Grandmas Treats employs a more middle of the road option. For certain purposes, such as making a purchase online, there should be security measures in place, such as requiring a customer to create an account and log in with a password. However, there should also be a selection of front end pages which are easily accessible to anyone browsing products. In this way Grandmas Treats can best serve the needs of both valued customers and casual web browsers.ReferencesBrayton, J., Finneman, A., Turajski, N., Wiltsey, S., (October 10, 2006). What is PKI? Retrieved March 4, 2008, from the TechTarget Website http//searchsecurity.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid14_gci214299,00.htmlCNET News.com Staff (February 11, 2008). Security Bites Podcast Nonpersistent Web Threats . Retrieved March 4, 2008 from the CNET News.com Website http//www.news.com/Security-Bites-Podcast-Nonpersistent-Web-threats/2324-12640_3-6230144.html?tag=item.
Saturday, May 25, 2019
This was my reaction after(prenominal) reading Jorge Bacobos college uneducation. How can you of all time imagine that going to college extends a process of unlearning? Just look at this scenario. For all of your invigoration, you cod dreamed of entering college and you have spent a total of 10 years in elementary and high school to form yourself and only to find out that once you stepped in this institution, it becomes a different world all of a sudden. The ideal bubble that pops out of your mind curtly bursts and you came to realize that after reading a selection in your GE mob, all of your efforts have become useless. You, yes you unknowingly is a victim of college uneducation. How ironic, right? How could you ever waste your time memorizing the book and all the principles of sciences only to find out that after an exam is finished, you tend to forget everything? How come you have forgotten your mankind here on earth and disregarded the most important thing of the world c alled life because you are preoccupied of all the assignments, thesis, lab reports, quizzes and exams? How did education evolved to committal to memory and book worship? How come you cannot answer a simple question without relying on Google or your Encyclopedia? How come you have become a break ones back of technology instead of you using it? I repeat, how ironic this is. It is a slap in the face because it is the truth. Now, do you call yourself educated? So this is college uneducation a article unrecognized by Microsoft Word, a sassyly-discovered term by an author through his observations of what have become of the college students nowadays. Book worship. This is a very rampant activity of the students nowadays. When you admit someone a question, one answers like a robot controlled by the book he has read. This starts the death of critical thinking and sound mind reasoning. Our prof in our Genetics class even worsens this scenario. It is understood that everything we learn i n our major subjects must have a reference and everything we speak in the class should be quoted from an author. However, how can we become educated when everything seems to be a copy paste of the things we ourselves have not experienced? The book answers it all. Then if you become unstoppable saying your answer, confident of what you are saying, the professors says, From where did you get that? Who is the author of that? So this is how books became the students gods,worshipping them overnight and forgetting them everything all at once? Professional philistinism.For me, this is like programming the students of what they are to become specialists in their own fields resulting to narrowing their entire lives to overspecialization. Maybe our professors can be blamed for this since instead of inflicting to us the core values of our existence in this planet, such as realizing how to achieve higher thinking and deep feeling, and appreciating the aesthetic refinement and intellectual purs uits, we are being confined to set our hearts in becoming specialists. As a Fisheries student, we focus on all the areas of the fish beginning from its genetic constitution until how it behaves in migration so that it can be caught by the fish farmers to lay the fish on our plates for food. Our professors keep on saying that one day, one of us will become an expert of this and that and so we have to real study hard on our field. As a result, we end up being slaves of our profession and remain ignorant on the artistic and heathen values around us. Jading dullness of modern life. Unlike the old education, the new generation education does not anymore cultivate the heart. We cannot control the release of the new iPhone or iPad in the market so as we cannot control how the new education brought about by modernity evolves into a way in which forgets how charming this world is. Everyone is addicted to Facebook posting their selfies, hashtagging, tweeting on Twitter, uploading a video i n Instragram and the like. All assignments can be done by copy-pasting, and getting information from the cannot-be-trusted Wikipedia and but by one single click, you thought you already have found what you have been looking for. All the formula, equations, scientific names and essays appear on inter which your brain refuses to digest. How easy. How convenient. How fast it is do what you call research. However, can your laptop release nectar which invites the colorful butterflies to come around? How cant anyone appreciate the rainforests of Miagao and the bounteous culture it has? You have to ask yourself when was the last time you jogged in the campus, breathing in the freshest of the air, taking in the singing silence of the salty air of the nozzle waters, or ran barefoot on the grasses of fishbukid? This should have been what education is also all about but now it seems that everyone is a failure. Misguided zeal. Our passion has shifted into a perplexity that beclouds our vi sion of the broader perspectives of life as a result of continually pushing ourselves to highly specialized training. How can we be effective in demonstrating the life formulas after we graduate if even now when we are still in college, we have not fully crossed the advanced line of human thinking?Our professor in our Statistics class always admits us to open our notes on the formulas during exams since according to him, if we will be working, reality is that we will still look at our books as a basis. However, there are no books for life formulas just like statistics. Life is not all about standardizing the solutions but rather mastering ourselves only because no one knows us that well except ourselves. The authors ideal college student is the wise individual who has unveiled the mysteries of his life, the one who is happy of his existence, has a sense of patriotism, is simple but knows how to defend his virtues without relying on the complexities of rules. On the other hand, hon estly, my ideal vision of an Iskolar ng Bayan is someone who is a critical thinker. An Isko also knows how to determine graphs and charts in literatures when he is told to do so. He envisions his future landing a job to help his fellowmen. Finally, an ideal Iskolar ng Bayan has an overwhelming love for his country. Maybe it is not too late to add Bacobos ideal college student to my list. A well-rounded education does not only deal with the truths and facts the books and our teachers offer. Art and philosophy is also important because only in art do we find the values of beauty which enables us to appreciate life and human existence as a whole. Philosophy should never be taken for granted since even if we are asked of any question, at least we are able to defend ourselves and prove that we really are educated. In the end, it is not about what we learn or how much we learn, but it is always about the process of how we learn and apply it to real life scenarios because common sense is not always common anymore. Honestly, I dominantly agree with the author for the reason that college students are nowadays really uneducated according to the linguistic context he presented. However, there are still a few individuals who do not possess such kind of thinking. And of course, I would not want to allow myself to be called UNEDUCATED.
Thursday, May 23, 2019
Over the past few decades, with the development of get down law, more and more people has paid attention to the exclusion clauses contained in a enrolment which is chumped by the positionies. Many contracting parties use this technique to empty liability for open frame of contract. In this essay, exclusion clauses can be defined as a clause let in in a contract to either limit or exclude liability of a company in breach of the agreement. (also termed exemption clauses or exemption clauses. ) Consequently, it is argued that whether the party allow for be bound by the exemption clause which is signed by the parties or not.Therefore, this essay will analyze the exemption clause with feeling based on several court cases and illustrate the work of an unsigned exemption clause by development a short hypothetical scenario and a court case. Signed Exclusion clauses As a general rule, a someone who signs a record which contains contractual terms is bound by the clause of the doc ument. To be specific, if a party signs a contractual document incorporating an exemption clause, it will automatically form part of the contract. Therefore, Signature can ordinarily bind a person to the terms yet if he has not read or understood the terms behave out in the document.What has come to be known as the principle in L estrange v Graucob was expressed by Scrutton LJ as follows When a document containing contractual terms is signed, then, in the absence of fraud, or, I will add, misrepresentation, the party signing it is bound, and it is wholly immaterial whether he has read the document or not. According to the case of LEstrange v Graucob 1934 2 KB 394, the plaintiff bought an automatic cigarette machine from the defendants. She signed a contract called sales agreement which include several clauses, but did not read.When she discovered the machine was defective, she tried to sue Graucob for breach of contract, but the defendant was able to rely on the exclusion clause incorporated into the written contract. From this case, it can be seen that since the plaintiff has signed the sales agreement, the contract and the exclusion clauses has taken effect. In addition, the contents of the document were represented correctly and no fraud on the part of the defendants. Therefore, L Estrange is bound by the exclusion clauses. However, the rule in L Estrange v Graucob will not apply under some circumstances.Firstly, if the signed document could not reasonably be regarded in the circumstances as probably to contain contractual terms, the party will not be bound by the signature. In the case Le Mans Grand Prix Circuits Pty Ltd v Iliadis, the plaintiff was wound while driving a go-cart at the defendants racing track. P was invited there as a guest to help the publicity of Ds go-kart track and did not pay for the attendance at the track. The defendant wanted to avoid liability by relying on an agreement, signed by the plaintiff which includes an exclusion cl ause.The count made a decision that the defendant was unable to rely on the exclusion clause so as to avoid liability. Because the plaintiff attended defendants track was not in pursuance of a commercial dealing of relationship with the defendant. Thereby, the entry form was equitable a driver registration form, not a contract. In other word, the document which the plaintiff had signed was not contractual, although the agreement contained plaintiffs signature, he was not bound it because the signed document could not reasonably be regarded in the circumstances as likely to contain contractual terms.Secondly, a person who misrepresents the clause and its effect is not allowed to rely on the exemption clause to escape liability. The case of Curtis v Chemical Cleaning and Dyeing Co all the way illustrate the legal position. In this case, Curtis took a wedding dress to the defendants shop to have it dry cleaned. The shop assistant asked her to sign a receipt, and the plaintiff was tol d by the shop assistant that the document was to exempt defendants from liability for damage to the bead and the sequins.The plaintiff signed the document, which in fact included a clause that the social club is not liable for any damage howsoever arising. The dress was stained by the defendant who later tried to rely on the exclusion clause. The Court judged that the clause is not effective and the defendant cannot rely on it. Because in this case, the exclusion clause had been misrepresented as only beads and sequins would be affected. and the plaintiff thought she was only running the risk of damage to the sequins and the beads on the dress. Unsigned exclusion clausesIn our daily life, the exemption clause also contained in some unsigned document, such as tickets, invoices, receipts, vouchers and so on. Upon most situations, these unsigned documents may not be binding in contract unless they are properly included into the contract. Although, Signature is the most common way to confirm the effectiveness of a contract, that no means if you dont sign the form you could not be bound by it, in some particular cases it is. Firstly, a hypothetical scenario will be made to illustrate the effect of exclusion clause in an unsigned document.Alex had toothache seriously, he went to a p accidental injuryacy and bought a box of Panadol. Before he took the tablets he saw the debut and even the container has written on that must follow the doctors advice, if you dont follow the advice, there is not liable for any harm of your body but he didnt care about the warning and take three tablets. On the following day, Alex felt dizzy and nausea. After the diagnosis from doctor, it can be considered that these symptom due to the effect of medicine. Then, Alex sued the medicine accompany.Under this situation, the defendant can avoid liability by exemption clause even though Alex did not sign the document. As the common law said that exclusion clauses contained in unsigned docu ments are not valid unless a fairish person would expect the document to contain contractual document and a reasonable notice is given. In this case, contractual terms can be pass judgment to find from the introduction and container of the medicine. In addition, company also takes reasonable steps to bring these clauses to Alexs notice.Thus, the plaintiff was already bound by the exemption clauses. other court case for the unsigned exclusion clause is the case of Parker v South Eastern Railway Co, plaintiff left his bag at cloakroom in a railway station and he got a ticket. On the front of the ticket said See back, the other side include an exclusion clause which shows that company will only be responsible for the value of package within 10 pounds. When the bag could not be found, Parker sued the company for 2410 pounds.However the court judged that the plaintiff was bound by the exclusion clause on the ticket even though he did not sign it. Because the company has already gave the plaintiff sufficient notice of the existence of the clause and a reasonable person would expect to find these terms. According to the basic principle in contract law which said that the unsigned exemption clause will be bound if reasonable notice has been given. Conclusion To sum up, exclusion clause can be classified as signed document and unsigned document in this essay.When considerate the effectiveness of a clause, every aspects should be analyzed. Although the signature is an important factor to prove if the clause is valid, it does not mean that all the exclusion clauses included in a signed document can be bound with a signer. To the contrary, the exemption clause in an unsigned document can also be valid in some situation. Therefore, any party who wish rely on the exemption clause to avoid liability should incorporate the clause into a contract with sufficient notice and make original the behaviors of the party is reasonable.